Sunday, July 15, 2012

Co-delivery of Adipose-Derived Stem Cells and Growth Factor-Loaded Microspheres in RGD-Grafted N-Methacrylate Glycol Chitosan Gels for Focal Chondral Repair


The coencapsulation of growth factor-loaded microspheres with adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) within a hydrogel matrix was studied as a potential means to enhance ASC chondrogenesis in the development of a cell-based therapeutic strategy for the regeneration of partial thickness chondral defects. A photopolymerizable N-methacrylate glycol chitosan (MGC) was employed to form an in situ gel used to encapsulate microspheres loaded with bone morphogenetic protein 6 (BMP-6) and transforming growth factor-β3 (TGF-β3) with human ASCs. ASC viability and retention were enhanced when the Young’s modulus of the MGC ranged between 225 and 380 kPa. Grafting an RGD-containing peptide onto the MGC backbone (RGD-MGC) improved ASC viability within the gels. The effects of BMP-6 and TGF-β3 released from the polymer microspheres on ASC chondrogenesis were also assessed.

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